Athens History

One hundred years later democracy was threatened by Persia. The first of Persia's expeditions took place in 490 BC when its army arrived at Marathon, near Athens. After the battle of Marathon a Greek soldier, ran 27 miles back to Athens, managed to gasp "We have won!", then collapsed and died.

In their second expedition the Persians found their match when the Athenian leader, Themistocles, built a massive fleet instead of an army. Even though, the Athenians were alarmed by his move, Themistocles' strategic innovation proved to be right; the Persians were blasted off the sea at the battle of Salamis , off the coast near Athens.

Athens, now a naval power, was headed for its Golden Age. Its ruler at this time, around the middle of the 5th Century BC, was Pericles, an incredible orator and visionary. He practiced democracy at home, imperialism abroad. One of his wisest decisions was to compensate jurors, so that even the poorest citizens could participate.

It was Pericles who built the Parthenon, the Propylea, the Long Walls of Piraeus and many of the Temples you'll see on your strolls around the capital. This was quite a time for Athens. While Pericles was building his Parthenon, Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides were writing their plays and Socrates and Plato were teaching. Athens was then involved in the Peloponnesian War with Sparta and 27 years of fighting lead to Athens' defeat in 404 BC. But victorious Sparta's influence lasted only 30 years after; it was then superseded by Macedonia, a kingdom in the north of Greece.

For 500 years, right through the early era of Christianity, Athens was subject to the power of Rome. For most practical purposes the history of classical Greece ends at this point. (Tourists come to Athens and Greece mainly to see the remains of the classical ruins, and to relive the days of glory of Pericles and the Athenians).

Obviously history continues. For many hundreds of years, Byzantium was the only civilized part of Europe. Art, especially religious art, flourished, and churches, monasteries and palaces were rising everywhere including the Athens city area. Then the Eastern and Western churches separated; Venetians, Franks and soldiers from other countries in Western Europe formed their crusades and Greece was reduced to an insignificant province and Athens became a small town. The Parthenon was turned into a Turkish mosque.

For the next 400 years, Greece remained under Turkish rule. In the early 1800s, the Greeks started to muster groups of revolutionaries, and in March 1821, they formally began their struggle for independence marked on March 25 as Greek Independence Day. In 1829 Greece was declared an independent nation.

A number of modern-day conflicts (Balkan and World Wars) left Greece at times in other hands,
but today the country is a republic with a democratically elected parliament.

Official Website:

Accommodation in Athens area.

Hotel Amaryllis Athens Hotel Amaryllis Athens **
Hotel AMARYLLIS is a C class hotel. Conveniently located on a quiet road at the commercial center of Athens with easy access to many places of great interest, constitutes an ideal base for exploring the city.Fully renovated disposes 57 rooms newly furnished all with private bath and balcony, automat...
High-Season - 58 EUR/Double Room
Hotel Astor Athens Hotel Astor Athens ****
All the rooms of the hotel have been recently renovated and equipped with all the facilities. All the rooms have air condition, heating, color television, direct telephone, Internet connection, hair dryer, cosmetics luxury set, electronic security locks, and the possibility of renting a mini bar. Th...
High-Season - 116 EUR/Double Room
Hotel Jason Prime Athens Hotel Jason Prime Athens ****
The City's most historic address for the traveler is Omonia Square where Jason Prime Hotel is conveniently located. Surrounded by the most prestigious avenues of the oldest Capital in Europe, the hotel is within walking distance of the Business, Cultural and Shopping Districts.
High-Season - 109 EUR/Double Room
Hotel Titania Athens Hotel Titania Athens ****
In the historical and commercial center of Athens between Syntagma and Omonia, the city's major squares, Titania Hotel has been a paragon of Greek hospitality for over thirty years. Its complete renovation has set this Athenian institution apart aesthetically, technologically and functionally. The H...
High-Season - 129 EUR/Double Room
Residence Georgio Athens Residence Georgio Athens *****
The Residence Georgio was designed to fully satisfy the preferences of today's discrimminating guest, boldy responding to new requests or desires, and constantly enriching the total hospitality experience. Centrally located close to Sntagma square, and the National Archaeological Museum, offering ea...
150 EUR / Deluxe Double Room
Hotel Emmantina Athens Coast Hotel Emmantina Athens Coast ****
The fully air-conditioned " A" class Emmantina Hotel is situated in the fashionable beach resort of Glyfada, often referred to as the Athenian Riviera, only 15 kilometers from the heart of the city of Athens. The Athens Acropolis, one of the seven wonders of the world, the paramount monument of An...
All-Year Round - 82 EUR/Double Room
Palmyra Beach Hotel Athens Coast Palmyra Beach Hotel Athens Coast ****
The recently renovated "A" class Palmyra Beach Hotel is situated in the fashionable beach resort of Glyfada, often referred to as the "Athenian Riviera", only 15 kilometers from the heart of the city of Athens. All guestrooms are carpeted, air-conditioned and sound proofed (double-glazing). The furn...
Summer Season - 82 EUR/Double Room
Hotel St. George Lycabettus Hotel St. George Lycabettus *****
The St. George Lycabettus Hotel and its partner, The Paradise Hotel on the island of Andros, have been owned by the same family since their opening, remaining focused in providing a modern fresh hospitality product. There are two types of standard room - the rooms facing the interior quadrangle of t...
High-Season - 185 EUR/Double Room Interior View
Hotel Rio Athens Hotel Rio Athens ***
Hotel RIO is located in the center of Athens, on the quiet pedestrian street of the Karaiskaki square, next the subway station METAXOURGHIO and quite near the international railway station. It is 1 Km away from the Syntagma sq, a 35 minutes drive from the Athens international airport and 15 minutes ...
High-Season - 120 EUR/Double Room
Hotel Cecil Athens Hotel Cecil Athens ***
Our services, the facilities we offer and the magnificent view of the Acropolis from our roof garden, makes it an ideal residence for business or leisure travelers. Cecil Athens Hotel offers a warm welcome for its guests combining the traditional Greek hospitality, the family environment and the fri...
High-Season - 78 EUR/Double Room

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